This is a very popular way to germinate seeds. And for good reason; it’s pretty successful. Here’s how to germinate your cannabis seeds using paper towel:
One of the main reasons old cannabis seeds don’t germinate is because they tend to have a very hard outer shell. Now, cannabis seeds naturally have a hard shell that helps protect them until the conditions are right for them to germinate. Over time, however, this outer shell can become so hard that it inhibits the seed from germinating altogether.
If this isn’t enough, you can try carefully (and very gently) using a sharp knife like a Stanley blade to remove the ridge running along the middle of each seed. This should expose the inside of the seed a little, helping it absorb moisture and, hopefully, giving it a better chance of germinating.
TRY “THE PAPER TOWEL METHOD”
• Some seeds won’t germinate at all. Unfortunately, old seeds sometimes just don’t sprout. So, if you try all of the tips below and wait patiently without any luck, it’s likely your seeds are just too far gone.
Before you start, it’s important you remember the following:
Old cannabis seeds can be hard to germinate. Luckily, there are a few techniques that can help them sprout, even if they’ve been forgotten for some time.
Try dropping your old seeds into a glass of sparkling water. The CO₂ in the water should help the seeds absorb more moisture, encouraging them to sprout. You can also add some fulvic acid to the water to help break down the shell of your seeds. You’ll only need about 2.5ml of acid for a glass of sparkling water (roughly 250ml).
The first method is scarification. This includes causing injury to the seeds’ outer shell to allow water and air to enter, which is essential for germination. For manual scarification, we will need a container or box lined with sandpaper or any coarse material to scar the seeds’ outer surface. Put the seeds in a container or box and shake. After a while, we will find that the roots become dull, and we can see parts of the sources inside the container. Once we scare the outer shell of the cannabis seeds, we can germinate them as usual.
In addition to chemical and mechanical scarification, we can use other DIY methods to loosen seeds. For example, we can use a small knife to scratch or open the seed coat. We can explore different approaches as long as we do not damage the seed embryo.
The first step in any farming process is to make sure we have the right seeds, and the same goes for weeds. When harvesting autoflowering marijuana seeds, everything is preserved, and nothing is lost. This means that all types of seeds are ripe and immature. How do we distinguish good seeds from bad ones? You are considering the following.
Method 1 – Scarification
The second method involves the use of carbonated water with a pH below 7. This slightly acidic solution absorbs the outer layer of the seeds. Put the seeds in a container full of carbonated water and wait for about two hours. The solution loosens the seed coat and allows it to absorb water, which helps germinate.
Clean and clean water contains oxygen and hydrogen molecules. These are two life-supporting elements necessary for germination. Soaking the seeds for at least 12 hours allows water to enter living cells, a process known as osmosis. Now that the internal conditions promote germination, the semen embryo expands and breaks out of the protective sheath.
Whether we obtained the seeds from a seed bank, a store, or a retailer, different cannabis seed strains have different colors. Mature cannabis seeds acquire a dark coat, while immature ones are brighter and usually white. The most visible colors are brown, tan, and sometimes black. In contrast, bright yellows and whites quickly identify immature seeds.
Cannabis seeds are known for their aesthetic properties and shape. Round and symmetrical seeds are best. Larger seeds have a reasonable rate of germination compared to small seeds, which tend to be immature.
If you’re going to keep seeds more than a year or two, proper storage will dramatically increase the chances of late-stage germination. Place them in an airtight container. Put the container in a refrigerator set at 6–8°C with 20–30% relative humidity. If excess moisture is a concern, add silica gel packs to the container.
Scarification, or scuffing the shell, can also help water pass through an older seed’s tough outer shell.
As cannabis seeds age, their protective outer shell hardens and prevents water from passing through. Unless the tiny, dormant embryo that lives inside the shell detects moisture, it doesn’t know that the conditions are right to sprout. As a first step, pre-soak your old cannabis seeds for about 12 hours to see if that does the trick.
4. SLICE THE SEED
When your old cannabis seeds don’t want to pop, one of these four techniques could come to their—and your—rescue. Aging seeds are more difficult to grow than fresh ones and we’ll explain what you can do to help germination.
To improve your chances, use carbonated water and/or add one of these supplements that help with water absorption. Fulvic acid and most boosters also give your seeds a light dose of nutrients.
Keep the water warm, but not too hot. Aim for around 22°C. Avoid direct sunlight, and keep an eye on the glass. Do not soak seeds for prolonged periods, more than 24 hours can deprive them of oxygen and make them drown.
The seed’s shell is made up of two pieces, with a seam going all around. The side that’s raised more than the other is the ridge. A hardened ridge can make it difficult for the seed to open. To remove the ridge, run a sharp blade along the ridge on both sides. Handle gently and it should come off without damaging the inside of the seed.