If you have more questions about strains or seeds, keep digging through Leafly’s resources. And to learn more about the variety of feminized seeds available to you, visit Kannabia’s website to see its full line of feminized genetics, including strains like Diesel Glue and the award-winning Mataro Blue.
Using feminized seeds can make it easier for home growers to cultivate strains like Russian Doll. (Courtesy of Kannabia)
Cannabis plants that are pollinated naturally or with traditional breeding techniques can produce both male or female seeds. These are known as regular seeds and, as in most species, they occur with about an even split between the two sexes. That means cannabis cultivators starting with standard seeds have about a 50% chance of yielding a female plant from each one.
How Are Cannabis Seeds Feminized?
That efficiency is key for medical cannabis patients and hobby growers. Since most cannabis regulations limit plant counts, growers cultivating a small crop of cannabis for personal use want to ensure they’re getting the most out of their grow.
Traditionally, the solution to this has been an inelegant one, with many cultivators planting at least twice as many seeds as they hope to harvest with the assumption that about half of them will be useless. However big a harvest you’re looking for, using regular seeds means you’ll have to plant twice that many seeds.
This is why many North American growers are turning to feminized seeds—cannabis seeds that carry only female genetics, and can be relied on to produce only female plants. By creatively applying technologies to seed feminization, modern breeders like Kannabia can ensure female genetics in seeds with a nearly 100% success rate.
There are numerous advantages for growers who start their garden using feminized seeds. By removing the guesswork of germinating regular seeds, feminized seeds streamline the growing process, saving space and time.
The female cannabis plant produces higher volumes of beneficial cannabinoids such as CBD and THC than the male plant does. CBD is widely known for its possible medicinal benefits, notably pain relief, while THC can be a powerful mood booster. There are also lesser-known cannabinoids like CBDA and CBN that are equally potent. High concentrations of cannabinoids can equal an intense and potentially therapeutic experience.
Besides the higher cannabinoid content, feminized cannabis seeds have several other distinct advantages for growers.
If your definition of bad is genetically engineered, then no, feminized cannabis is not bad. The parent plant could be classified as genetically modified, but the seeds are all-natural and produced through pollination rather than engineering.
While standard seeds give you a 50/50 shot at growing a female plant, feminized cannabis seeds provide a 100% guarantee that you will cultivate only what you need, making your cultivation more efficient all around.
However, if you wish to breed marijuana plants, then only using feminized seeds clearly will not help accomplish this goal. In this case, the male cannabis plant is essential. But if breeding is not on your agenda, feminized cannabis seeds can be advantageous.