To know the breeding quality of a male cannabis plant there is only one way, to check the level of its offspring. On the other hand, when you cross 2 mother plants that you have already used to smoke you already know their qualities both in the crop and in the final product, so when you make feminized seeds it is easier to guess the result of the crossing.
However, in their genome they do have a big difference, and that is that feminized seeds only contain female chromosomes (XX). This is so because to create 100% female seeds it is necessary to pollinate a female with another female, that is, (XX) x (XX).
✅ Advantages of feminized seeds
Regular seeds come from the crossing between a female (XX) and a male (XY) so their genetic information contains both sexes, and they will show one or the other depending on several factors.
The great majority of feminized genetics on the market come from elite clones that have been extensively tested as smoking weed. This is a great advantage, as it is easier to guess the features your offspring may inherit.
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If the female plant is pollinated, the buds will not contain as much THC as they would if pollination never occurred. Additionally, if the plant is pollinated, it will produce seeds. While it is possible to remove the seeds and still have consumable marijuana, the plants that do have seeds are much lower quality than the ones that do not. Instead, for the highest quality, the best yield, and the largest levels of THC, it’s crucial to remove all male plants as soon as they’re identified.
Cannabis plants can have different traits like size, phytocannabinoid profile, lifetime expectancy, terpene profile, and more. If the grower has a plant that is presenting traits more desirable than others in a crop, the grower may opt to pollinate the plant to ensure the desirable traits are reproduced. When they harvest the flowers from the pollinated plant, they can then harvest the seeds as well.
Why is Understanding the Genders Important?
Even after learning about the potential benefits for seeds, growers often opt to remove male marijuana plants to prevent the production of seedy flowers. Ideally, culling the male plants would be done immediately, though it can be hard to tell the two genders apart until the plants are well into their vegetative phase. Keeping an eye on the plants nodes, looking for signs of pollen sacs (male) or small hairs (female), will help the grower identify the plant’s gender and remove male plants accordingly. The process of identifying a plant’s gender requires vigilance during a specific window of time between the vegetative and flowering phases. Once any males are identified, they can be removed and disposed of or used for another purpose. The following section provides a list of alternative purposes of male cannabis plants.
Although male plants do have their place and can be useful in some ways, many growers want to avoid having male plants. If they purchase regular seeds, they will need to make sure they identify any male plants and remove them quickly enough to prevent pollination. If the culling of males isn’t something a person wants to experience, it is possible to purchase feminized seeds that do not produce male plants, or to clone plants without worrying about seeds or germination.
Most people who opt to grow marijuana are going to be consuming the final product and they likely won’t want to have seeds in the final product. However, are there reasons to allow pollination? If the grower has produced a good harvest and has plenty of marijuana, they may want to let one or two of the male plants remain when they start the next batch. Though the potency and quality from the pollinated female plant won’t be as high, growers will be able to harvest their own seeds to use in the future.
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2) there is still a lot of confusion and misconception regarding the difference between regular, feminized and autoflowering seeds.
Let’s recap. Regular seeds come from a male and female plant. The pollen from the male fertilizes the female, which in turn produces seeds. We call these seeds regular seeds because they arise the “regular” natural way.
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Autoflowering seeds can be found in both regular and feminized and will start to flower without depending on photosynthesis. This results in a rapid flowering cycle. With autoflowering seeds, you will be smoking your homegrown weed in as little as 12 weeks from germination.
Unlike popular misconception, there is no such thing as male marijuana seeds. While we do create feminized seeds, there appears to be very little interest in “masculinized” seeds. Seeds with a 50/50 chance of turning either male or female are called regular seeds.
Now that we got to the bottom of this once and for all, you have all the knowledge to make a well-informed decision on which type works best for your situation.