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weed in georgia with pinkish seeds

Terminology used to describe the parts of grasses and sedges differs from that of herbaceous or woody plants. The illustrations in figures 1, 2 and 3 show terms commonly used to describe the parts of grasses and sedges, followed by definitions of the terms used in the figures. A glossary at the end of this publication provides the reader with additional definitions of terms used elsewhere in this publication.

Managing a grass meadow requires annual observations as to how the plants are moving around, re-seeding and spreading. Also observe the balance of grasses to forbs and make note of unwanted weeds. A grass meadow is an ever-changing panorama as the balance of grasses to forbs is influenced by changing weather patterns and new plants introduced by passing wildlife or wind. Unlike a highly manicured cultivated landscape that is carefully managed and manipulated by mowing, pruning and fertilization, Mother Nature manages a native grass meadow.

Habitat: The environment(s) in which the plant is found in the wild.


Habitat: Low meadows, dry barrens and woodlands, cliffs, rock outcrops and prairies.

Native To: A general description of the region within the continental U.S. where the plant is presently found in its native habitat.

This publication further separates grasses into two categories: warm-season grasses and cool-season grasses. Warm-season grasses begin growing when daily temperatures are between 60°F and 65°F. They grow in the summer, flower and fruit in the fall, and then go dormant after the first frost. Examples are Broomsedge, Bluestems and Indian Grasses. Cool-season grasses grow in the late fall, winter and early spring, flower and fruit in the late spring, then go dormant in the summer. Examples include Oatgrasses, Witchgrasses and Bluegrasses.

This publication describes and illustrates 48 grasses and 10 sedges native to Georgia. It is not the intent of the authors to describe all native grasses and sedges, but those that are most widespread or those having practical application for wildlife habitats, erosion control, restoration projects or landscape culture. A few of the plants are noted as being weedy or invasive and may not be appropriate for use in cultivated landscapes. Nonetheless, they are included to assist the reader in identifying them because they are abundant in the wild.

Propagation: Seed, cuttings or division
Seed: Collect capsules when they turn brown. Place them in a paper bag, then crush the bag with a rolling pin to release the seeds from the capsules. Store the seeds dry at 40°F for two months before planting them in outdoor flats. Light enhances germination so cover the seeds lightly with the germination medium.
Cuttings: Take summer stem cuttings before plants bloom. Dip the cut ends in a rooting hormone to enhance rooting. Division: Divide plants in fall or spring.

Size: 1 to 4 feet high

Habitat: Rich, moist hardwood forests and shaded roadsides

Beardtongue / Genus Penstemon

Native phlox species vary greatly in their growth habits, sizes, flower colors and flower forms. They are common passalong plants that have been cultivated continuously for generations. Moss Phlox, Phlox subulatta, for instance, was in the nursery trade by the late 1700s. It was soon followed in the early 1800s by Wild Sweet William, Phlox maculata, Woodland Phlox, Phlox divaricata, and Garden Phlox, Phlox paniculata. Today there are many improved cultivars of the native species offering even more variety for the native plant enthusiast. However, the flowers of seedlings produced from cultivars sometimes revert to hot pink, the characteristic color of the native species.

Cultural Requirements: This plant is best grown in moist, loamy, well-drained soils and full sun to partial shade. Remove old flowers if self-seeding is not desired.This species tolerates more moisture than others, so it can be used in moist sites. Powdery mildew disease and spider mites can be problems. To minimize these problems, avoid overhead irrigation.

Native To: Most of North America east of the Rocky Mountains

Landscape Uses: Use Star Chickweed as a ground cover in a shaded, moist woodland or a wildlife habitat.