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1 Saturday June 20, 2009 Volume 140 No. 75 Heartland Publications, LLC. All Rights Reserved Daily Sunday 50 1 THE ROBESONIAN, N.C. Established 1870 www. FSU in future? Patterson- Heath on the short list for coaching job at Fayetteville State. Page 1B LOCAL DRIVE-BY According to sheriff s reports, four Robeson County families say their homes were damaged during drive-by shootings this week. Full story/page 2A NATION BADAD DOUGH? Nestle USA recalls its Toll House refrigerated cookie dough products after an outbreak of bacteria-triggered illness. Full story/page 5A WORLD COMINGOMING SOON The U.N. sets a date for the start of a probe into the slaying of Benazir Bhutto. Full story/page 7A ENTERTAINMENT Man charged in ex-wife s death STEPHANIE S. BEECHER STAFF WRITER PEMBROKE A 45-year-old Pembroke man who stands accused of beating his ex-wife and leaving her for dead inside a vehicle parked at a convenience store in April was arrested late Friday morning. Kenneth Roderick Chavis, 45, of 627 Cornith Road, was charged with second-degree murder. He is accused of killing 59-year-old Gracie Locklear, of 75 Baltimore St., according to Sheriff Kenneth Sealey. Sealey said that Chavis was arrested at his home at about 11:25 a.m. He was placed in the Robeson County jail where he is being held under a 1 million bond. On April 26, Locklear s body was found inside her 2000 Chevrolet Blazer outside of the Chief s Mini-Mart on Jacobs Road. See CHARGED, Page 8A KENNETH CHAVIS: Held under 1 million bond. Jobless rate tops 11 percent May figure is new record for N.C. EMERY P. DALESIO THE ASSOCIATED PRESS RALEIGH North Carolina s unemployment rate climbed to 11.1 percent in May hitting a new peak since the state started such measurements more than three decades ago, the state Employment Security Commission said Friday. The number of unemployed North Carolinians topped 500,000 an all-time high. The state s jobless rate a year ago was 5.9 percent. Just six states had higher unemployment rates in May, with Michigan leading the country at 14.1 percent in May and South Carolina fourth at 12.1 percent. Fortyeight states and Washington, CAREY D.C., recorded unemployment rate increases in May compared to April. While we continue to have job announcements in areas across North Carolina, we are still experiencing some job losses in many job sectors, this also being seen across the country, ESC Chairman Moses Carey said. See JOBLESS, Page 8A Health care overhaul LAST ACT Executives at ABC announce that actor T.R. Knight is leaving the hit medical drama Grey s Anatomy. Full story/page 10A WEATHER Today Partly sunny and hot. Hi: 101 Low: 75 For complete weather information, see Page 10A OBITUARIES Fannie Burleson, 97, Wade Rogers, 78, Mary Smith, 54, Maxton INDEX Page 8A Classifieds B Comics B Editorial A Nation A Sports B State A World A COMING SUNDAY OUTUT OF PARK The first phase of the long-anticipated Northeast Park opens on Monday. NORTH CAROLINA EDUCATION LOTTERY Power Ball Wednesday s numbers: Power play: 5 STAFF PHOTO BY SARA HOTTMAN Volunteer EMTs Lee Hester, Candi Hester and Jason Godaire discuss Emergency Rescue Unit headquarters. The rescue unit last month began staffing a 50-week shift, so more ambulances are readily available during peak hours. Rescue unit beefs up to lighten load for county EMS SARA HOTTMAN STAFF WRITER LUMBERTON In a life-ordeath situation, five minutes can make all the difference. Since response time is critical during emergencies, Emergency Rescue Unit last month went from an on-call service to regular service hours, which means volunteers will staff ambulances Mondays through Fridays, from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. each day. It s our hope and intention that the community will be better served from a patient standpoint, said Danny Cook, a rescue unit board member. County officials hope the volunteer rescue unit s move will free up other emergency crews operating throughout Robeson County. Greg Bounds, director of the Robeson County s Emergency Medical Services, said that unit depends on volunteer rescue units to help with the unusually high call volume in the state s largest county. Bounds compared Robeson County to Durham County: Iran s leader calls for end to street protests Ayatollah warns bloodshed could follow ALI AKBAR DAREINI BRIAN MURPHY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS TEHRAN, Iran Iran s supreme leader sought Friday to end the deepening crisis over disputed elections with one decisive speech declaring the vote will almost certainly stand and sternly warning opposition leaders to end street protests or be held responsible for any bloodshed and chaos to come. But a first sign of possible resistance came shortly after nightfall in Tehran. Cries of See IRAN, Page 8A While Robeson County is larger geographically with a smaller population, the counties experience about the same call volume on average 27,000 calls annually, in part due to Robeson County s demographics and its high number of miles of major highways. Mike Smith, Durham County EMS director, said his department serves 262,463 people in 299 square miles with 10 ambulances that operate 24 hours, seven days per week. See UNIT, Page 8A Drug firms asked to bear costs DAVID ESPO THE ASSOCIATED PRESS WASHINGTON The White House, key lawmakers and the pharmaceutical industry are negotiating a possible deal to have drug companies pay for narrowing a gap in coverage in the prescription drug program for Medicare, officials said Friday night. These officials said that the proposal under discussion would have drug firms pay part of the cost of brand name drugs for lower and middle-income seniors in the so-called doughnut hole. The term refers to a feature of the current drug program that requires beneficiaries to pay the entire cost of prescriptions after initial coverage is exhausted but before catastrophic coverage begins. Additionally, officials said any agreement might include a reduction in anticipated payments for the pharmaceutical See COSTS Page 8A Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei delivers his sermon Friday in front of a picture of the late spiritual leader Ayatollah Khomeini at the Tehran University Campus. Attention: Business Owners Do you do business in Robeson County? Go to /pages/business_directory To make sure your FREE online directory listing is active and correct. This free listing will help raise your position on all search engines like Google and Yahoo for FREE. Call Trudy for more details.

8 8A THE ROBESONIAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 20, 2009 Death Notices Fannie Burleson Fannie Burleson, 97, of, died June 19, 2009, at Southeastern Hospice House. The funeral will be 2 p.m. Sunday at Wesley Pine’s Chapel, the Rev. Steve Little officiating. Burial will follow in Pine Grove Methodist Church Cemetery in Albemarle. She was born in Stanly County. She graduated cum laude at Appalachian State University and was a school teacher for 40 years. Burleson taught in Albemarle, Tabor City and was principal of the Boys & Girls Home at Lake Waccamaw for five years. She was preceded in death by her parents, Jacob and Mattie Poplin; her husband, Randall Burleson; and three sisters, Pauline McDaniel, Mary Pickler and Naomi Harwood. Burleson is survived by a son, Dr. William R. Burleson and his wife Norma, both of ; a daughter, Toby Ann Burleson of ; a sister, Geneva Smith of Charlotte; five grandchildren; and six great-grandchildren. The family will receive friends from 1 to 2 p.m. Sunday before the service. Memorials may be made to the Boys & Girls Home in Lake Waccamaw, P.O. Box 127, Lake Waccamaw, N.C., or Wesley Pines Retirement Center, 1000 Wesley Pines Road,, N.C., Paid obituary Wade Rogers Wade Thomas Rogers, 78, of, died June 18, 2009, at Southeastern Regional Medical Center. The funeral will be 4 p.m. Sunday at Floyd Memorial Chapel, the Rev. Micah Royal officiating. Burial will follow in New Hollywood Cemetery in. Surviving are two sons, Wade R. Rogers of Alaska and James Rogers of Charlotte; three daughters, Cheryl Rogers of, Janice Cashwell of Arizona and Roma Taylor of Fayetteville; four brothers, Neil Rogers of, Fred Rogers and James Rogers, both of Florida
and Roy Rogers of South Carolina; three sisters, Hazel Hardee of, Elizabeth Furgeson of Florida and Treva Taylor of Clinton; 17 grandchildren; and 12 great-grandchildren. The family will receive friends from 7 to 9 tonight at Floyd Mortuary & Crematory, Inc., in. Mary Smith Maxton Mary Hazel Smith, 54, of Maxton, died June 16, 2009, at Carolina Medical Center in Charlotte. The funeral will be 1 p.m. Monday at Union Grove OBITUARIES Baptist Church in Laurinburg. Surviving are two sons, Richard Smith of Laurinburg and Michael Morrison of Charlotte; and a brother, James Smith of Atlanta. The visitation will be from noon to 1 p.m. Monday at Union Grove Baptist Church. Arrangements by Jackson Funeral Home. Incompletes Alease Thompson, 76, of 506 Swann Drive,, died recently at Southeastern Regional Medical Center. Worley Mortuary & Cremation Services. Anthony Martin, 38, of Wagram, died June 17, 2009, in Wagram. McPhatter Funeral Home in Laurel Hill. Funerals Today Harry McNeil III, 11 a.m. at Highway Holiness Church in Aberdeen. Mary Cooper, 2 p.m. at Hartsell Funeral Home Chapel in Concord. Casey Young, 2 p.m. at Floyd Memorial Chapel. Mildred Powers, 4 p.m. at the Floyd Memorial Chapel. Johnny Brewer, 2 p.m. at the Covenant Worship Center. Sgt. James McLean, 2 p.m. at Spring Branch Missionary Baptist Church in Wagram. Jamiel Ellis, 11 a.m. at Cromartie Temple of Praise. Laporte Bethea, 3 p.m. at First Baptist Church in Fairmont. Sunday Fannie Burleson, 2 p.m. at Wesley Pine’s Chapel. Wade Rogers, 4 p.m. at Floyd Memorial Chapel. UNIT FROM PAGE 1A Too new for trends Robeson County EMS serves about 130,000 people spread over 950 square miles with seven ambulances operating 24 hours, seven days a week, and one half-crew operating Mondays through Fridays, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Smith said that a decadelong partnership with the fire department it supplies the ambulance and EMS supplies the paramedics helped cut his county s response time down to 7 minutes. Robeson County officials say the service is too new to show trends, but they hope that the expanded service will cut away at the county s 15.3-minute average response time. The rescue squad is a volunteer nonprofit, with operating costs covered by insurance reimbursement. It answers about 200 calls monthly. Rescue unit Cmdr. Bruce Meares said people were waiting 25 or 30 minutes for an ambulance to arrive simply because too few were operating during peak hours Mondays, Thursdays and Fridays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., and 6 to 10 p.m. The rescue unit s board of directors had discussed the 50-hour weekly shift for more than a year. On May 6, the seven-member board and 31-member squad approved the beefed-up service, implementing the shift with 15 members rotating coverage. Volunteer support is very important because we only have seven and onehalf crews right now, County Manager Ken Windley said. At peak times we get flooded, and while (rescue units) aren t at the paramedic level, they support us with vital ambulance services. Volunteers are usually at EMT-intermediate or EMT level, which means they cannot provide the same level of on-site care as paramedics. The county EMS and the rescue units operate under the umbrella of the Robeson C o u n t y Emergency M e d i c a l S y s t e m Plan, structured so that county EMS services are s u p p l e – WINDLEY mented by rescue squads that operate exclusively in their districts throughout the county. The Rescue Unit district includes about 30,000 people. When a call is dispatched in a zone, the rescue unit and county EMS unit respond simultaneously; if the rescue unit can handle the call without paramedic support, it cancels the call for the county EMS unit. If paramedic attention is required, the rescue unit calls for advanced life support equipment, and a paramedic team takes over. Cook said the rescue unit would revisit the possibility of further expansion, especially on weekends, once it settles in its new role as a 50- hour-weekly service. COSTS FROM PAGE 1A industry under government-run health programs such as Medicaid. The savings would help pay for health care legislation that congressional Democrats and the administration are hoping to pass this year. No additional details were available, including the amount of money drug companies might agree to pay. Nor was it known whether other elements might be involved that could ease the sting for the industry. The officials stressed there was no agreement, and it was uncertain one was possible. But one added there could be a formal White House announcement as soon as any deal was reached, even if that meant over the weekend. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss private negotiations. The White House and Sen. Max Baucus, D-Mont., chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, have been in discussions with numerous industry groups, seeking concessions that would help finance the cost of subsidizing health coverage for millions who now lack it. Any agreement with The drug industry is under pressure, particularly in the House Rep. Frank Pallone Jr., D-Fla., left, Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif., House Education and Labor Committee Chairman Rep. George Miller, D-Calif., House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Rep. Charles Rangel, D-N.Y., and House Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Rep. John Dingell, D-Mich., take part Friday in health care news conference in Washington. Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America, or PhRMA, which represents drug companies, would mark a major accomplishment that the White House and key Democrats in Congress would then hope to use to persuade hospitals, doctors, insurance companies or others to make their own deals. It would also counter a recent series of stumbles that, while common with any major legislation, have contributed to the impression that the drive to enact health care legislation was sputtering. Ken Johnson, senior vice president of the PhRMA, declined to comment, except to say, We remain committed to comprehensive health care reform and we are still in discussions with the administration and congressional leaders about ways we can make a positive contribution to this important effort. The industry is under pressure, particularly in the House, where senior Democrats are considering legislation that could cut more deeply than drug companies would accept on their own. Additionally, some lawmakers have sought for years to permit the importation of prescription drugs from Canada and other countries, a step the industry has fought and was able to fend off while Republicans controlled Congress. Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif., chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee, said during the day drug makers reaped a windfall of billions of dollars from the Medicare prescription benefit and Congress wants some of it back. Customer saw Locklear CHARGED FROM PAGE 1A A customer who passed the vehicle saw Locklear inside and told a store employee that the woman appeared to be dead. A 911 call was placed at about 1:30 p.m. The employee later told investigators that the vehicle had been sitting in the dirt parking lot before the store opened at noon. She said she simply thought someone had parked the SUV after running out of gas and didn t think to look inside. The sheriff s report said Locklear was found in the passenger seat with visible bruising to her face. Sealey said Friday that an autopsy confirmed that Locklear had been beaten to death. JOBLESS FROM PAGE 1A After a long run in which government employment had some of the best job security, the sector shed 4,000 employees in May. Manufacturing continued to suffer as companies cut 3,800 workers. Since the start of the recession in December 2007, North Carolina s manufacturing companies have cut nearly 16 percent of their work force. Hotels, amusement parks and other companies in the leisure and hospitality sector added 2,900 jobs in the buildup to summer. William Hall, an economist at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington and director of its Center for Business and Economics Service, said with the federal government hiring census workers and others, the drop in government jobs means the recession s fa
lling tax revenues is forcing local and state governments to shed a surprising number of workers. North Carolina s jobless rate has been higher than the national level for all but one month since early 2007, months before the national recession officially began, Hall said. The early start and the continuing N.C. rate higher than national high level of unemployment is the result of North Carolina s concentration on hard-hit fields like financial services, manufacturing, construction and real estate development, he said. Major Singh, 62, of Cary, has been unemployed since the Durham window manufacturer where he worked for three years closed in November. The immigrant from India has worked in assembly jobs for more than a decade, but he s having a hard time competing for similar jobs since his age makes it harder to lift and pack, Singh said Friday. The long recession has stymied whitecollar as well as manual workers. Farrukh Aquil, 41, of Cary, said he s been looking for work as a semiconductor design engineer since December, when German memory-chip maker Qimonda AG shut its local design center. He s had some telephone interviews with potential employers, but no offers yet. I think the market is so saturated that even if you are 90 percent right, they (employers) will keep looking until they find someone who meets 110 percent of their needs, Aquil said. IRAN FROM PAGE 1A Death to the dictator! and Allahu akbar God is great rang from rooftops in what s become a nightly ritual of opposition unity. The sharp line drawn by Iran s most powerful figure, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, is a gambit that pushes Iran s opposition to a pivotal moment: either back down or risk a crushing response from police and the forces at Khamenei s disposal the powerful Revolutionary Guard and their volunteer citizen militia, the Basij. It also presents important tests for opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi. He now must examine his willingness to challenge the Islamic leadership he once served as prime minister. There are further questions about his ability to control his own followers, who are waiting for a clear response to Khamenei s edict before a rally planned for HILL S FUNERAL HOME & H HILL S MEMORIAL CHAPEL Meeting the needs, and Serving the People With Grace and compassion for over 50 years * Offering 24 hour professional service * Serving Robeson County & Surrounding Areas 613 Red Cross St. Fairmont, NC (910)

6 6A THE ROBESONIAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 20, 2009 NATION War in Afghanistan Military: U.S. airstrikes likely killed 26 civilians WASHINGTON (AP) A U.S. warplane failed to follow all operational rules in a complex battle in Afghanistan last month that killed an estimated 26 civilians and 78 Taliban fighters, the U.S. military concluded in a report released Friday. The deaths last month raised the stakes in a growing battle for the good will of Afghan civilians, whose allegiance Defense Secretary Robert Gates has said is crucial if the United States is going to win the faltering war in Afghanistan. The inability to discern the presence of civilians and assess the potential collateral damage of those strikes is inconsistent with the U.S. government s objective of providing security and safety for the Afghan people, the report prepared by U.S. Central Command said. Three U.S. airstrikes conducted after dark near the close of the chaotic fight in the western Farah Province probably accounted for the civilian deaths, the report said. It contained only mild criticism of the B-1 bomber crew involved, however, and the nation s top military official has already said there is no reason to punish any U.S. personnel. The report contains no surprises U.S. officials had already given rough estimates of the number of deaths but provides a vivid narrative of a firefight that also killed five Afghan national police officers. Two U.S. personnel and seven Afghan security officers were wounded. Local Afghan officials have said as many as 140 people were killed. The report recommends refining the current rules for operations with the potential to kill civilians and ensuring that training matches the rules. Other recommendations include improving the military s ability to get its side of the story in front of Afghans faster, something commanders say is frustratingly difficult. The U.S. should be first with the truth, the report said. The report promised a follow-up in four months on how well new tactical rules are working. The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Mike Mullen, told a Pentagon news conference Thursday that he has seen nothing in the investigation that would call for disciplinary action against the U.S. forces involved. Mullen added that the complex, seven-to-eight hour fight, which stretched from daylight to dark, revealed gaps in the chain-of-command and some training shortcomings that military leaders plan to address. Mullen said he is satisfied that U.S. forces involved in the battle were sufficiently sure of their targets and believed that civilians would not be injured when they fired. Defense Secretary Robert Gates has said the accidental killing of civilians in Afghanistan has become one of the military s greatest strategic problems in the faltering war. Gates has also said the thousands of new U.S. troops deploying in Afghanistan can lessen the reliance on airstrikes that sometimes kill civilians and undermine support for the fight against the Taliban. He has assigned his new general running the Afghan war to find new ways to reduce the number of deaths. On the Net: Copy of report: The inability to discern the presence of civilians and assess the potential collateral damage of those strikes is inconsistent with the U.S. government s objective of providing security and safety for the Afghan people. U.S. Central Command report Obama holds measured course on unrest in Iran Congress condemns crackdown WASHINGTON (AP) The Obama administration on Friday stuck to a measured response to the uprising in Iran over a disputed presidential election, even as both houses of Congress voted overwhelmingly to condemn an official crackdown on mostly peaceful demonstrations in the streets of Tehran. Administration officials said they remained convinced that the wiser U.S. course was caution over confrontation. President Barack Obama is coming under growing domestic political pressure to speak out more forcefully in support of protesters warned by Iran s supreme leader Friday to end their huge street rallies. In the strongest message yet from the U.S. government, the House voted to condemn Tehran s crackdown on protest rallies and the government s interference with Internet and cell phone communications. The Senate followed suit later in the day. The resolution was initiated by Republicans as a veiled criticism of Obama, who has been reluctant to criticize Tehran s handling of disputed an election that left hardliner President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in power. The resolution expresses support for all Iranian citizens who embrace the values of freedom, human rights, civil liberties and rule of law and affirms the importance of democratic and fair elections. It also condemns the ongoing violence by the government and pro-government militias against demonstrators, as well as government suppression of independent electronic communications through interference with the Internet and cell phones. Obama s chief spokesman, Robert Gibbs, said the White House welcomed the resolution, calling its language consistent with the president s. As the president has said, we re not going to be used as political foils and political footballs in a debate that s happening by Iranians in Iran, Gibbs said. He said the administration s view is that Iranian leaders would use fiercer U.S. support for the protesters to paint them as puppets of the Americans. That s not what we re going to do, Gibbs said. A long-standing source of Iranian anger at the U.S. is the CIA s role in toppling the elected government of Mohammad Mosaddeq in 1953 and replacing him with the late Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. In the 1979 Islamic revolution that overthrew the Shah, student militants occupied the U.S. Embassy and held 52 Americans hostage for 444 days. In April 1980, Washington severed diplomatic relations with Iran. Obama, who hopes to draw Tehran into talks aimed at curtailing its nuclear ambitions and potentially ending the 29-year-old rupture in diplomatic relations, has stayed mostly neutral on the election dispute. He has spoken in measured terms about supporting Iranians aspirations to have their voices heard. In Tehran, Iranian supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei sternly warned of a crackdown if protesters continue their massive street rallies. In his first response to a week of protests of the disputed election, Khamenei said opposition leaders will be held accountable for all the violence, bloodshed and rioting if they do not halt the rallies. Khamenei also said the balloting had not been rigged. Obama was asked Friday in an interview with CBS News Harry Smith what he made of the Khamenei remarks. I m very concerned based on some of the tenor and tone of the statements that have been made, that the government of Iran recognize that the world is watching, O b a m a said. And GIBBS how they approach and deal with people who are, through peaceful means, trying to be heard will, I think, send a pretty clear signal to the international community about what Iran is and is not. At the State Department, spokesman Ian Kelly said the administration has not been reluctant to criticize Iran. There have been times when demonstrators who peacefully assembled have, of course, suffered at the hands of the authorities. And we condemn any actions like that, Kelly said. Many lawmakers, however, are calling on the administration to take a tougher approach on Iran. Rep. Mike Pence, who cosponsored Friday s resolution, said he disagrees with the administration that it must not meddle in Iran s internal affairs. When Ronald Reagan went before the Brandenburg Gate, he did not say Mr. (Mikhail) Gorbachev, that wall is none of our business, said Pence, R-Ind., of former President Ronald Reagan s famous exhortation to the Soviet leader to tear down that wall in a divided Berlin. Rep. Howard Berman, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee and co-sponsor of the resolution, said it is not for us to decide who should run Iran, much less determine the real winner of the June 12 election. 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9 WORLD THE ROBESONIAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 20, A U.N.: 1 billion live in hunger Officials cite global financial meltdown for world reaching grim milestone ALESSANDRA RIZZO THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ROME The global financial meltdown has pushed the ranks of the world s hungry to a record 1 billion, a grim milestone that poses a threat to peace and security, U.N. food officials said Friday. Because of war, drought, political instability, high food prices and poverty, hunger now affects one in six people, by the United Nations estimate. The financial meltdown has compounded the crisis in what the head of the U.N. Food and Agricultural Organization called a devastating combination for the world s most vulnerable. Compared with last year, there are 100 million more people who are hungry, meaning they consume fewer than 1,800 calories a day, the agency said. No part of the world is immune, FAO s Director- General Jacques Diouf said. All world regions have been affected by the rise of food insecurity. The crisis is a humanitarian one, but also a political issue. Officials presenting the new estimates in Rome sought to stress the link between hunger and instability, noting that soaring prices for staples, such as rice, triggered riots in the developing world last year. Josette Sheeran of the World Food Program, Indian workers load rice sacks onto a truck in October 2008 at a grain market on the eve of World Food Day in Amritsar, India. another U.N. food agency based in Rome, said hungry people rioted in at least 30 countries last year. Most notably, soaring food prices led to deadly riots in Haiti and the overthrow of the prime minister. A hungry world is a dangerous world, Sheeran said. Without food, people have only three options: They riot, they emigrate or they die. None of these are acceptable options. Even though prices have retreated from their mid highs, they are still stubbornly high in some domestic markets, according to FAO. On average, food prices were 24 percent higher in real terms at the end of 2008 compared to 2006, it said. Malnutrition kills through the fact that it weakens the immune system of a child, said Andrei Engstrand-Neacsu, a Nairobi, Kenya-based spokesman for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in East Africa. Some 22 million of the 1 billion hungry people counted by the United Nations are in the drought-stricken Horn of Africa, he said. Engstrand-Neacsu said he had just returned from a corner of southern Ethiopia on the Kenyan border where the food situation is dire, and had been speaking to a family who lost a child to malaria in February. The parents said they were told he couldn t be saved because he was malnourished. Engstrand-Neacsu called on donors to act before skeletal African children are shown on the television screen at dinnertime in the West. The number of hungry people is estimated to have reached 1.02 billion up 11 percent from last year s 915 million, FAO said. The agency said it based its estimate on analysis by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. FAO said that the hunger rate is rising, too that is, the number of hungry people is growing more quickly than the world population. Officials did not provide a rate but said the trend began two years ago. Almost all the world s undernourished live in developing countries. But all regions of the world have registered two-digit increases in hunger from last year. The world s most populous region, Asia and the Pacific, has the largest number of hungry people 642 million, up 10.5 percent from last year. Sub-Saharan Africa registers 265 million undernourished, an 11.8 percent increase. Even in the developed world, undernourishment is a growing concern, with 15 million in all and a 15.4 percent increase, the sharpest rise around the world, FAO said. The dire figures make it highly unlikely that a goal set by the wealthiest nations to cut hunger in the world in half by 2015 will be met, though officials vow to press world leaders at the Group of Eight summit gathering in Italy next month. FAO said the calorie-limit it employs to declare a person hungry is on average 1,800, though it changes slightly from country to country. Alice Lichtenstein, a professor of nutrition science and policy at Tufts University, said FAO s hunger definition was reasonable, if a little conservative. She said the 1,800-calorie threshold represented the number of c a l o r i e s most adults need to DIOUF m a i n t a i n their body weight, but that the figure would vary depending on a person s size and level of physical activity. The number of calories for children varies even more. They need fewer calories because they are smaller, but also need increasing amounts as they get older to ensure they are growing. World cereal production in 2009 was strong, but the global economic downturn resulted in lower incomes and higher unemployment rates and therefore reduced access to food. The crisis also affects the quality of nutrition, as families tend to buy cheaper, calorie-rich but nutrientpoor foods such as grains, at the expense of meat, dairy products and other expensive and high-protein foods. Brazil apologizes for persecution of poor farmers BRASILIA, Brazil (AP) The Brazilian government has apologized for the torture and abuse of 44 poor farmers under the military regime that ruled the country from 1964 to 1985 and announced reparations for the victims. In the early 1970s, the farmers were physically tortured and many had their homes and crops destroyed by soldiers seeking information on guerrillas operating in Araguaia, a remote region in the northern jungle state of Para. The Justice Ministry announced in a statement Friday that the 44 farmers will receive compensation of up to 142,000 reals (
close to US71,000) each and a lifelong pension of two minimum wages a month, currently worth about US465. This is a formal request for forgiveness by the Brazilian government, Justice Minister Tarso Genro said in announcing the reparation on Thursday. This is recognition that not only were leftist militants affected by repression but also untold other Brazilians. In the Araguaia guerrilla conflict, leftist opponents of the military regime, mostly young radicals, set up bases in the eastern Amazon jungle. They hoped to launch a people s war but had little experience of the jungle and launched no major operations. The army discovered the bases in 1971, and sent more than 10,000 troops to crush the uprising in the proceeding years. Some 60 rebels were killed, as well as local civilians, and others were jailed or disappeared. Unlike countries like Argentina and Chile, Brazil never prosecuted members of the armed forces for human rights abuses committed under its dictatorship. An amnesty law pardoned all Brazilians civilian and military for alleged crimes committed under the dictatorship. Last year, a government study concluded there were 475 cases of people being killed or disappeared at the hands of security forces during the military regime. This is a formal request for forgiveness by the Brazilian government. This is recognition that not only were leftist militants affected by repression but also untold other Brazilians. Tarso Genro, Justice minister Southeastern Academy Excellence in Education Pre-K through 9 th Grade Now Enrolling for New Students Reduced Price Tuition NC Hwy 41 N, NC From Honoring your Fabulous Father to your Spectacular Graduates WE PAMPER We offer everything to make your body beautiful from massages to diet plans and everything in between Body Beautiful Front Entrance Medi Spa and Salon 108 E. Main Whiteville, NC Back Entrance 125 Harris St Fleetwood 28×56 Central air, 3Bd, 2BA, Zone II 32,000 P&L Land Home Inc N. Roberts Avenue, NC (910) GRAND OPENING Cyber City Internet Cafe 1910 East 5th Street, NC Stop by daily to receive your 700 FREE SweepstakesentriesPLUS a chance to win up to 8,000 CASH! Bairds Animal Hospital Boarding, Grooming, Bathing Sonya Guyton Groomer Dr Michael Deese D.V.M Custom Rims Brake Repair Computer Alignment Auto Repairs Truck Tires Passenger Tires George Cooke Tommy Walton 1101 E. 2nd Street, NC We have plenty of great ideas for relaxing, enjoyable and affordable vacations for families, seniors and singles! Debbie s Destinations Your Local Connection to the World Debbie Humphrey, Travel Agent (910) Fayetteville Rd NC (910) Parts New & Used All Makes Go-Karts Terry Brisson, owner Elite Cellular CometoourstoretomakeaFREE phonecalltoanygrad or DAD ANYWHERE in theu.s. 800 Union Chapel Rd Pembroke NC (910) CENTER FOR HEALTH & FITNESS P E M B R O K E 923 West Third Street The area s only medical fitness center. TARHEEL DIABETIC and MEDICAL SUPPLY, INC. Queen Anne Ottoman Lift Chair 2 only at this Special Price. 1Red & 1 Blue Reg. 595

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