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sweet joe pye weed from seed how long to sprout

Sweet Joe Pye Weed with its vanilla scented leaves is the best choice for making medicinal and relaxing teas.

Propagation by division is also possible. In the early spring, you will notice that the center of older plants may have died back. When you see this, you need to divide the plant.

When left to grow on its own, this adaptable plant spreads with great abundance and enthusiasm. It also puts on a spectacular show in the mid to late summer and into the early autumn. To grow it successfully in your garden, you need quite a bit of space because of its rapid spread and tendency to sprawl.

Is It Really a Weed?

To make a pleasant tasting herbal tea, harvest the flowers and dry them separately.

The term weed is open to interpretation. Eupatorium purpureum comes from the wild and one can quickly consider it as a wildflower.

In natural medicine, you can use Joe Pye Weed in a number of different ways. The roots are considered especially beneficial and are gathered to be dried, ground and brewed as an herbal tea tonic.

The plant comes as a member of the aster family. It appears as the tallest perennial herb in North America. Typically, it stands between 4′ feet and 7′ feet tall and measures a spread of approximately 2′ feet.

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Grow Joe-pye Weed: Full or part sun, light shade in hottest climates. Rich soil, ample water. Flowers are nectar rich; among the best blooms for attracting butterflies. Hummingbirds also love them. Flowers are excellent cut for fresh or dried arrangements. Plants are rabbit and deer resistant.

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Joe-Pye Weeds are easy to grow, first year flowering perennials, which produce spectacular blooms in summer and early fall. Flowers attract swarms of butterflies and are long-lasting cut.

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Plant Joe-pye Weed Seeds: Sow in 2 in. pots or cell packs, press into soil and barely cover. Needs light to germinate. Kept at 70°F., germination is usually within 4 weeks. If not, put container inside a zip-lock bag and place in the refrigerator for 4 weeks. Remove and return to 70°F. until germination occurs. See starting your seeds more information about growing seedlings under lights.

This North East U.S. native grows 5-7 ft. tall, and 3-4 ft. wide. Leaves are arranged in whorls along purplish stems. They release a vanilla fragrance when crushed. Joe-pye Weed is a magnificent plant, likely to be the highlight of your garden for years to come. Winter hardy to zone 3.

Once cold weather arrives in the late fall, Joe Pye weed goes dormant and dies back. You can either prune the dead foliage to about 4 to 8 inches off the ground at this time or wait until early spring to do this garden cleanup task. The plant blooms on the new season’s growth. So don’t wait until it’s too late in the spring to prune, or it can be difficult to avoid the new growth.

Division is the easiest way to propagate mature Joe Pye weed plants. To divide a plant, cut straight down into the soil with a sharp shovel in between stems. Then, carefully dig up a stem and its attached roots. Replant it wherever you wish at the same soil depth as it was, and water the soil well.

Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium purpureum) is a late-blooming wildflower that’s native to eastern and central North America. It generally grows in upright clumps that reach several feet tall. Its thick stems have lance-shaped, serrated dark green leaves that can be up to a foot long. And in the midsummer tiny mauve flowers bloom in large clusters atop the stems. These flowers have a sweet vanilla scent and are especially attractive to butterflies and other pollinators. Joe Pye weed is best planted in the spring after the threat of frost has passed. The plant has a fast growth rate.

Pruning

There are no serious issues with pests or diseases. Powdery mildew is the most common problem that arises, a fungal disease that causes the foliage to become discolored with white splotches.   Warm, dry climates and poor air flow can trigger it. Apply a fungicide promptly to prevent the powdery mildew from spreading, and remove infected portions of the plant.

Maintaining consistent soil moisture is key for growing robust Joe Pye weed. During your plant’s first growing season, keep the soil evenly moist at all times but not soggy. And even once the plant is mature, try not to let the soil remain dry for more than a few days at a time, especially during hot weather. A layer of mulch around your plant will help to retain soil moisture and keep the roots cool.

Joe Pye weed is fairly hardy both to cold and to heat within the climates of its growing zones. Frost will cause the plant to begin dying back to the ground for the winter. Humidity (or lack thereof) typically isn’t an issue as long as the soil remains moist.

Joe Pye weed is a fairly low-maintenance plant, and it’s quite rewarding to grow due to its notable size and fragrant blooms. It does need space when you first plant it to accommodate its height and spread. But it can look great planted along borders, in wildflower gardens, and at the back of plant groupings to provide height.