While many plants can be germinated in the ground, cannabis seeds are fragile enough that you should germinate them before planting.
To employ water germination, fill a glass with tap water and let it sit until it reaches room temperature or around 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Add two to three plant seeds per cup and allow them to sit, watching for any changes. Change the water to fresh tap water every two days, making sure it stays at room temperature.
Use a spray bottle to moisten the paper towels and then store the cushioned seeds between two plates, under a face-down bowl, or gently place them in a plastic bag. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
How do you germinate seeds indoors?
Germination is the first stage of the cannabis growth cycle : the process that brings a cannabis seed out of its hibernation period and starts the cannabis growth process. After all, seeds in a bag don’t spontaneously start developing roots. Also known as “popping” seeds, seed germination begins when a seed receives environmental cues letting it know the setting is perfect to start growth.
The environment in which seeds germinate also plays a role in the outcome. While there are several different germination methods, each requires proper moisture, minimal handling, and warm springtime temperatures between 68-72 degrees Fahrenheit.
Soil is an easy, more natural method with which to germinate your cannabis seeds because the soil protects the fragile roots from any interference. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Germination is the process that brings a cannabis seed out of its hibernation period and starts the cannabis growth process. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
To accelerate germination, you are going to want to soak your seed in a small container with lukewarm water and place it in a dark and warm place for 12-24 hours, but no longer. By drenching the seed, it absorbs the water thoroughly, activating the germination process. Doing this also helps to loosen the shell as it becomes a little softer making it easier for the embryo to crack it open. When your seed sinks to the bottom it is ready to be planted, and sometimes the seed will pop out a small taproot. A seed can still be planted though if it does not sink.
Knowing how to grow a small weed plant is likely the hardest part of actually growing it. Now that you know what to do, you are well on your way to enjoying hassle-free, home-grown marijuana.
Starting From Seed
When the plant has hardened off, roots will start emerging from the bottom of your seedling pellet and the plant is ready to be transplanted into a bigger pot. Be very careful not to damage the roots during this stage. Any stress will slow its growth.
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We like to use seedling pellets that are made of a mix of compressed peat moss and coco husk. To expand, soak it in water for 10 minutes. Once your seedling pellet has absorbed enough water and has expanded to its maximum size, drain off any excess water. The growing medium should be like a damp sponge that would not leave streaks on the table. Dig a small hole about 1/4 in deep for your seed. Use a spoon to lift the seed out of its bath. If it has popped out a taproot be careful not to damage it. Gently place the seed into the hole and lightly cover it with dirt from the pellet. Now that you have started the germination process, your seedling will come above ground within two weeks. The older the seed, the longer it takes for it to germinate.
Each grower has their own opinion on what is good and what is not. But the majority would agree that these four techniques are better than the others. Whether you’d be growing weed indoors or outdoors, it is best to start plants indoors and just replant them twice to promote better root growth. After germination, you can initially plant the taproot in a plastic pot and move it to a bigger container after several days.
Some growers will directly plant the seedlings in the final container. However, this is not recommended for two reasons. First, it will be harder for the plant to get oxygen when it is surrounded by too much growing medium.
Place the seeds root down into the starter plug or on a pre-poked hole in the soil. The soil must be moist but it should not be saturated. The seed should just sit on the surface and still visible.
Jiffy Pellets and Starter Plugs
May also lead to a weaker root system which will cause slow development and stunted growth for your plants. Another reason is that tiny plants in a huge container can easily drown. So it is ideal to replant your marijuana seedlings in three steps.
Soon as the final rains of winter wear off, it is the best time to plant and grow weeds. After the legalization of marijuana in several states, more people have shown an interest in growing and cultivating marijuana plants.
Starter plugs are also referred to as rapid roosters. It has holes that are designed specifically for weed seeds. You just stick the seed in the hole and pinch it together with your finger. Water the plants thoroughly and that’s it. This method can be used with different types of growing mediums.
The seeds will start to sink once they are hydrated. This is normal and it also helps separate the good seeds from the bad ones. Some eager seeds can even sprout while soaked in the glass.