Boyd, Carolyn E.
2003 Rock Art of the Lower Pecos. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas.
Bennet, Wendell C. and Robert M. Zingg
1935 The Tarahumara: An Indian Tribe of Northern Mexico. University of Chicago Press. Chicago, Illinois.
Elmore, Francis. H.
1943 Ethnobotany of the Navajo. University of New Mexico Bulletin. Monograph Series 1(7). University of New Mexico Press. Albuquerque, New Mexico.
In far lower doses, datura was utilized in more mundane, medicinal applications. The Cahuilla understood that datura was a pain reliever, especially for setting bones, and applied it to specific areas of the body. For wounds like broken bones a paste of powdered leaves would be heated and applied to the area of the break, and a hot stone would be pressed against the area for warmth. Powdered leaves were made into an ointment and spread on an afflicted body part, including teeth and gums, or insect bites (Bean and Saubel 1972:62).
La Barre, Weston
1975 The Peyote Cult. 4th edition. Schocken Books, New York, New York.
For bad colds, asthma, or bronchitis, the patient would inhale steam from datura leaves to relieve congestion. The atropine in the plant effectively dilates and dries out nasal passages (Bean and Saubel 1972:62). The Zuñi made a paste of the root and flowers and applied this to all types of wounds, claiming that the practice accelerated healing (Stevenson 1915:46).
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe
1915 Ethnobotany of the Zuñi Indians. In Thirtieth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology. [1908-1909], pp. 35-103. Washington, D.C.
The Trumpets Will Have Withered
All species of datura have long been used by native peoples of the Southwest in puberty and other ceremonies because of the plant’s hallucinogenic alkaloids. People trying to imitate Native American ways have often poisoned themselves, sometimes fatally.
The Sacred Datura – Invitation to Disaster
It inspired an unknown poet to say on the Filling the Sky Internet site:
Neelix at English Wikipedia – Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by Quadell using CommonsHelper.
By contrast, the bristly fruit and stale-smelling leaves of the sacred datura speak to another, more sinister side of the plant, to a dark and fearsome netherworld of poison and potential emotional collapse, physical sickness and even death. It suggests visions of the brooding and frightening forests of the Brothers Grimm. These parts of the plant have given rise to alternative names such as devil’s trumpet, deadly nightshade, thorn apple, mad apple, Hairy jimson weed, stink weed, green dragon and locoweed.