Like snakes, new cannabis hybrids appear each year at alarming rates. Selecting the type of cannabis you want to grow is no doubt one of the most exciting steps to an indoor grow. It is also one of the most crucial as it practically helps decide the quality and potency of the cannabis.
When it comes to indoor cannabis grows, your growing space is one of the very first factors to consider. This step can at first be overwhelming, as the possibilities are endless and there is so much to plan. Will you be growing in soil? Or, perhaps you’ll be using a hydroponic or aquaponic system to grow your plants.
Best lights for your indoor grow
Whether you have grown big cannabis plants, or just a few small weed plants, harvesting cannabis is one of the most exciting activities involved in the entire indoor growing process. When the day finally comes (six to eight weeks into flowering), the process of harvesting cannabis is quick and easy:
Some people prefer the strong mental effect of sativa-leaning cannabis strains and buy sativa seeds, while others who enjoy the potent body “indica buzz” will rather buy indica seeds. Then there is an increasing number of newcomers who look for ease and opt for an autoflower.
Containers and soil are two crucial factors to consider when still in the planning stage of your indoor cannabis grow. These two things will have a great impact on both the ease of maintaining the plan and the final quality of the harvest. So, choose them well.
We like to use seedling pellets that are made of a mix of compressed peat moss and coco husk. To expand, soak it in water for 10 minutes. Once your seedling pellet has absorbed enough water and has expanded to its maximum size, drain off any excess water. The growing medium should be like a damp sponge that would not leave streaks on the table. Dig a small hole about 1/4 in deep for your seed. Use a spoon to lift the seed out of its bath. If it has popped out a taproot be careful not to damage it. Gently place the seed into the hole and lightly cover it with dirt from the pellet. Now that you have started the germination process, your seedling will come above ground within two weeks. The older the seed, the longer it takes for it to germinate.
Now bury it on top of the rooting pack so the base of its stalk is level with the top soil. Give it a proper watering to set the roots in the ground, then skip your next watering so the roots can take hold.
Starting From Seed
Dampening off happens when the seedling is in too moist of an environment. The stem starts to rot at the bottom. When this happens, the plant will bend over and die if not treated. To help fight the infection, lightly spray a 0.5% solution of hydrogen peroxide around the affected area.
When the plant has hardened off, roots will start emerging from the bottom of your seedling pellet and the plant is ready to be transplanted into a bigger pot. Be very careful not to damage the roots during this stage. Any stress will slow its growth.
To accelerate germination, you are going to want to soak your seed in a small container with lukewarm water and place it in a dark and warm place for 12-24 hours, but no longer. By drenching the seed, it absorbs the water thoroughly, activating the germination process. Doing this also helps to loosen the shell as it becomes a little softer making it easier for the embryo to crack it open. When your seed sinks to the bottom it is ready to be planted, and sometimes the seed will pop out a small taproot. A seed can still be planted though if it does not sink.
Cannabis plant sex organs appear on nodes, the points where branches grow off from the main stalk.
Also, autoflower plants are small—perfect for closet grows or any small grow, or growing outdoors where you don’t want your neighbors to see what you’re up to.
Aside from producing cannabis through seeds, or sexual reproduction, you can also reproduce the plant through cloning, or asexual reproduction. A clone is a cutting that is genetically identical to the plant it was taken from—that plant is known as the “mother.”
How to sex a pot plant
Take four sheets of paper towels and soak them with distilled water. The towels should be soaked but shouldn’t have excess water running off.
Autoflowers don’t need lots of nutrients because they’re small and don’t spend much time in the vegetative cycle. They won’t need as much veg nutrients—such as nitrogen—but will need more bloom nutrients.
A couple big drawbacks, though: Autoflower strains are known for being less potent. Also, because they are small in stature, they usually don’t produce big yields.
Immature seeds tend to be light in color and have a soft outer shell.