Wilhelm, H., Wilhelm, B., and Schiefer, U. [Mydriasis caused by plant contact]. Fortschr.Ophthalmol. 1991;88(5):588-591. View abstract.
Castanon, Lopez L., Martinez Badas, J. P., Lapena Lopez, De Armentia, Gomez, Mora J., and Garcia Arias, M. L. [Datura stramonium poisoning]. An.Esp.Pediatr. 2000;53(1):53-55. View abstract.
Glaucoma: Glaucoma is an eye disease. It raises the pressure inside the eye and can lead to blindness, if it isn’t treated. Jimson weed is especially dangerous for people with glaucoma because it might raise the pressure inside the eye even more.
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
Balcan, E., Gumus, A., and Sahin, M. The glycosylation status of murin postnatal thymus: a study by histochemistry and lectin blotting. J Mol.Histol. 2008;39(4):417-426. View abstract.
Powers, D. Jimson weed intoxication in adolescents. Va.Med.Mon.(1918.) 1976;102(12):1051-1053. View abstract.
Guharoy, S. R. and Barajas, M. Atropine intoxication from the ingestion and smoking of jimson weed (Datura stramonium). Vet.Hum.Toxicol. 1991;33(6):588-589. View abstract.
Grandjean, E. M., de Moreloose, P., and Zwahlen, A. [Acute atropinic syndrome caused by abuse of anti-asthmatic cigarettes (Datura stramonium)]. Schweiz.Med.Wochenschr. 8-16-1980;110(33):1186-1190. View abstract.
Every part of the plant is poisonous, containing hyoscyamine, a powerful hypnotic sedative, as well as high levels of nitrates. According to Health Canada, the poison in the plant is so potent that its nectar can even contaminate honey.
The plant is often used as a recreational drug and can cause hallucinations, delirium and disorientation. Overdosing on jimson weed can cause serious problems, including respiratory failure and death.
Police say the three males, ages 14 to 17, were found in an incoherent and unresponsive state on Sunday night. They allegedly ingested the seeds of the poisonous jimson weed plant on purpose.
Jimson weed poisoning is an ongoing problem for teens every year when it matures in the early fall. The plant is attractive to teens because it’s free, legal and easily accessible.
Police say the most common ways to ingest jimson weed are to eat the pods, brew the leaves as tea, or smoke the dried leaves.
Last October, four Hamilton teens were sent to hospital after smoking jimson-laced cigarettes during their lunch break at school. In October 2005, a Simcoe boy went into a coma and was airlifted to Sick Kids hospital in Toronto after ingesting jimson weed. In September 2003, a 13-year-old boy landed in the intensive care unit after eating the plant. It was also linked to at least one death in 2000 in the Niagara Region.
"It’s making a comeback," said Sgt. Scott Kraushar of Niagara Regional Police. "We are currently investigating how to handle this."