CBD Oil Processing Equipment

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Cedarstone Industry manufacturers and installs the most efficient, high-quality cannabis extraction equipment available and offers turnkey solutions for all. Green Mill’s SFE Pro is the perfect machine for extracting oil from hemp using supercritical carbon dioxide. Here is a brief guide on some key considerations when strategizing your hemp/CBD operation. Visit Green Mill Supercritical

Cannabis Extraction Equipment

Cedarstone Industry has years of experience developing high-quality cannabis extraction equipment for operations of all sizes. Designed by our own in-house staff of engineers, our collection is built to outlast and outperform other cannabis oil extraction equipment on the market. We manufacture and install every facet of cannabis processing equipment you could need, including equipment for distillation, chromatography, crystallization, filtration, and drying. We also offer turnkey solutions for those looking to overhaul their efforts and who require a significant amount of cannabis extraction equipment.

Cannabis processing equipment carries out oil extraction by employing a number of major steps.

Extraction Major Steps

Extraction – During this process, biomass is placed inside extraction vessel with a solvent(Ethanol, C02, etc.) to remove soluble components, followed by filtration and separation process. The solvent then needs to be recovered from dry biomass, typically done with a centrifuge.

Centrifuge Extractor – Put biomass inside the rotor, fill the rotor with chilled ethanol, agitate the rotor barrel with biomass inside bidirectionally to extract, and then spin at high speed to get the extracted compound with ethanol.

Winterization – Separation of lipids from solution via solubility reduction via cold crashing followed by filtration. Typically done in beakers in a freezer, can also be accomplished in a filter reactor. This step can be skipped if initial extraction was done with pre-chilled solvent at a low temperature, such as -50 degree C.

Solvent Recovery – It is the step to separate cannabinoids from the solvent, typically via vacuum-assisted evaporation. Typically done in a Rotary Evaporator (RotoVap), Falling Film Evaporator (FFE), or Rising Film Evaporator (RFE)

Decarboxylation – Enrichment of THC or CBD content is typically performed. Quantities of non-psychoactive Δ9 (THCA) in the plant matter can be converted to THC by exposure to heat. Heat facilitates decarboxylation (a chemical rearrangement which expels carbon dioxide), transforming THCA to THC, CBDA to CBD.

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Distillation – In this process, the separation of cannabinoids from impurities (Terpenes and plant material) via vacuum-assisted evaporation. Typically done on a Short Path Mantle based still (SPD, batch process) or a wiped/rolled film evaporator (WFE, continuous flow). The liquid or component is isolated by selective heating, vaporization, and condensation. Vacuum Distillation is the process that uses distillation under reduced pressure. Placing a liquid mixture under vacuum enables the distillation process to occur at a lower temperature. This lowers the liquid boiling point, increases the rate of distillation and reduces exposure of temperature-sensitive components.

Crystallization Reactor – The special process used to achieve very high purity CBD on a large scale without complex equipment. Dissolve the clear CBD oil that has already been winterized and distilled in near-boiling heptane or pentane and allow to cool slowly to grow crystallized CBD.

Chromatography – a method to isolate and purify cannabinoids, is often used in the cannabis industry to separate THC from CBD.

Supercritical CO₂ Extractions for Hemp & CBD

Green Mill’s SFE Pro is the perfect machine for extracting oil from hemp using supercritical carbon dioxide. It is affordable enough and small enough to fit into a small extraction lab and powerful enough for a large one. Our system’s unique advances are discussed here.

And with our new Real-Time Winterization™ technology, your lab can completely eliminate the use of ethanol, and may not need expensive and time-consuming post-processing buildout or equipment, massively lowering CapEx and OpEx burdens.

But before you decide on an extraction machine you need to have things in order regarding your larger goals with the lab. Aside from whether you will grow your own hemp or buy it from a third-party grower, there are other key questions to ask when starting a new hemp/CBD operation:

What product do I want to make and what customers do I want to serve?

How much capital do I have available to build out my initial space and develop my product(s)?

What are the laws and market conditions in the state where I will operate?

How do I intend to scale the business?

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What product do I want to make and what customers do I want to serve?

If you thought “CBD” was the product, think again. It’s merely the compound you’re targeting as the active ingredient in the final product you or your customer will sell. We have clients who’ve installed an SFE Pro in a souped-up shipping container to process third-party firms’ biomass, and others with large labs and multiple retail dispensaries where they sell their own product that they extract themselves. Here are just some of the products you could make in your extraction lab with the oil that comes out of the SFE Pro:

Crude oil (straight from the machine with no refinement)

Crystals or Sheets

Be sure to thoroughly research them all.

You can then choose to either develop products under your own brand to sell retail, or you can sell the CBD in bulk to other companies who would use it to develop their products. These products could take the form of:

Creams and gels

Food and beverages

The other consideration is who is your customer? CBD is commonly used in general “wellness” products, but it is also used to treat very serious illnesses. A health enthusiast who wants to supplement for energy or quality of sleep or mood optimization is one type of customer, but a parent looking for something to help their child suffering from epilepsy is completely different.

How much capital do I have available to build out my initial space and develop my product(s)?

All of the things above will determine what kind of investment is required to get your facility up and running. Be warned: this is expensive. A complete extraction lab can easily require more than $300k to set up. That’s not including a grow facility such as a hemp greenhouse or farm.

Get your plan in place, find the financing, and then contact us. We can help you with a lot of the business details, but you have to have the basics on paper to get the full benefit of our expertise.

What are the laws and market conditions in the state where I will operate?

While the 2018 Farm Bill technically legalizes hemp in all 50 states, there is still a lot of ambiguity around how the law will be implemented and individual states are going to have different legalization landscapes. For example, in Idaho, hemp is illegal and they are still arresting people for transporting it even when it conforms to the Farm Bill’s requirements. And then there’s federal USDA regulations, which have not yet been written.

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For some states the Farm Bill is the first type of cannabis legalization they’ve experienced, and for others there is either an existing medical or recreational market already in place. Be sure to assess the risks and rewards of both.

Try to determine how crowded the space is for the type of business you want to start. This factor can work against you or for you. A more crowded space means more competition but also more established rules around how to operate.

How do I intend to scale the business?

Cannabis is one of the fastest-growing industries in the world today, forecast to expand at a rate of 25-35% per year. There’s a lot of upside — if you can keep up. Like few in history, any new cannabis business has to be ready to grow from day one. You want to get in quickly but smartly. If super-fast growth is not something you’re interested in then you’d better make up for it in efficiency so you can keep your prices competitive as more players enter the market. Because they will enter.

One final thought

There is an infinite number of ways to approach your business. Creativity will be rewarded in this industry more than any that have come before because the rules are not set. We’re here to help you craft your own vision for a hemp business that is right for you. Reach out if you have any questions whatsoever. We love to talk extractions with anyone!

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