Potential Role of Cannabidiol on Sports Recovery: A Narrative Review This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, CBD offers a variety of potential health benefits, from restoring calm and improving sleep to alleviating a range of symptoms associated with chronic conditions, such as pain relief and inflammation reduction. Do you feel pain post-workout? It does not happen when you use drops of CBD oil for muscles. CBD Relief salve for muscle recovery is applied directly to the affected area for better strength.
Potential Role of Cannabidiol on Sports Recovery: A Narrative Review
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
The use of cannabidiol (CBD) among athletes is becoming extensive and frequent. This could be due to the elimination of CBD from the list of prohibited substances by federations and international institutions of sport. The legalization and resulting production, and commercialization of CBD, could increase its intake in sports professionals. This commercialization of cannabinoids has fueled a race to study their properties, benefits, and risks for health and performance in athletes. Although there is evidence that suggests some beneficial properties such as anxiolytics, antidepressants, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidants among others, the evidence presented so far is neither clear nor conclusive. There are significant gaps in knowledge of the physiological pathways that explain the role of CBD in sports performance. This mini-review examines evidence suggesting that CBD has the potential to be used as a part of the strategies to recover from fatigue and muscle damage related to physical and cognitive exertion in sports.
Recovery has become a crucial topic in recent sports research and could determine physical (Trecroci et al., 2020b), physiological (Rojas-Valverde et al., 2018), and cognitive (Trecroci et al., 2020a) performance, considering the high frequency and density of competitions. This has led the researchers, coaches, and athletes making plans and managing recovery strategies as part of the general exercise prescription (Martínez-Guardado et al., 2020). The physical, physiological, and cognitive effort usually provoke a cascade of structural and functional adjustments that need to be identified, monitored, and controlled to optimally recover the functional capacities of the athlete (Ament and Verkerke, 2009). Commonly, central and peripheral fatigue related to physical exercise manifests itself as pain, weakness, inflammation, loss of functional mobility, decreased force generation, feeling of tiredness, alteration of vital signs, and reduced concentration, among others.
Over the last few years, many methods and means of recovery from fatigue have been tested (Rawson et al., 2018). One of the best known strategies is the intake of plant-derived products such as ginseng (Rojas-Valverde et al., 2020), green tea (Machado et al., 2018), cherries (Bell et al., 2014), curcumin (Fernández-Lázaro et al., 2020), spinach (Bohlooli et al., 2014), and beetroot (Rojas-Valverde et al., 2020). These organic products have shown anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and analgesic properties as other cognitive benefits that promote recovery from exercise-related fatigue (Bongiovanni et al., 2020).
Recently, the World Anti-Doping Agency has removed some products from their list of prohibited substances for athletes. This is the case of cannabidiol (CBD), a phytocannabinoid clustered among the cannabinoids extracted from the Cannabis sativa plant (Campos et al., 2012). Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD does not cause psychotomimetic and psychotropic reactions (WHO, 2017) for which there is no evidence of dependence or abuse, but causes mild and infrequent side effects (Stout and Cimino, 2014). On the contrary, CBD use is not only extensive among athletes (Docter et al., 2020), but it has been shown to have specific properties that help to treat chronic pain, spasticity, mood and sleep disorders, immunodepression, inflammation, oxidant effects, and anxiety in clinical patients (McPartland et al., 2015; Whiting et al., 2015; Nichols and Kaplan, 2019; Pinto et al., 2020). These effects could improve and accelerate recovery caused by a prolog or intense physical, physiological, and cognitive efforts as in sports (Higgins et al., 2017).
Considering that CBD has gained wide acceptance for medicinal and recreational use, its use among athletes is imminent (Docter et al., 2020) even though its the physiological, physical, and cognitive effects are not fully understood (Nichols and Kaplan, 2019), and it seems premature to make specific recommendations and to award all the above mentioned benefits (Gamelin et al., 2020). Consequently and considering the need to clarify these issues, this narrative review aims to present the scientific evidence around the potential benefits of CBD as an ergogenic aid to promote a better and faster recovery between efforts related to physical exercise and sport. Given the absence of evidence directly exploring the CBD potential in sports recovery, this review synthesizes the preclinical and clinical findings that support its use and testing in future research protocols. This narrative review was performed considering the scale for assessment of narrative review articles (Baethge et al., 2019).
Prevalence in the Use of CBD Among Athletes
With the exclusion of CBD from the prohibited substances in 2018, and even before, the use of CBD among athletes has considerably increased and is still accelerating (Leas et al., 2019). Cannabinoids are considered the second most commonly used substance among contact sports athletes replacing nicotine (McDuff et al., 2019). Evidence has shown that a third of cyclists, triathletes, and runners are or have been cannabinoids users (mostly ≥ 40 years of age, male, THC + CBD consumers ≤3 times weekly, and exercise 5–7 days per week) (Zeiger et al., 2019). Also, a quarter of university athletes report using cannabis-related products (Docter et al., 2020). Especially in contact sports like rugby, the use rate of CBD is 28%, increasing with age, and reporting pain relief and sleep quality improvements as perceived benefits (Kasper et al., 2020).
Despite the extensive use of CBD and the fact that international sports organizations have now allowed for it to be used, some CBD products have been shown to contain significant levels of other banned cannabinoids, like THC (Lachenmeier and Diel, 2019). Besides, there is evidence of the use of synthetic cannabinoids, such as JWH-018 and JWH-073, with limited regulation (Heltsley et al., 2012). Athletes require more information and advice, as product labels can be misleading about whether they contain THC, meaning there are risks in terms of violating anti-doping rules (Mareck et al., 2021).
Physiological Mechanism Framing CBD
The effects of CBD on physiological and cognitive functions are mediated by the endocannabinoid system, which has regulatory functions to maintain homeostasis (VanDolah et al., 2019). During exercise, the cannabinoid system mediates some central and peripheral effects of exercise as bliss, peacefulness, and euphoria (Carek et al., 2011). Endocannabinoids [e.g., anandamide and 2-arachidonyol (2AG)] as cannabinoids activate the type-1 (CB1) and type-2 (CB2) cannabinoid receptors, such as N-acylethanolamines (De Petrocellis and Di Marzo, 2009), leading to appetite-suppression, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, and antiproliferative effects as exercise do. CBD inhibits the degradation and uptake of endocannabinoids as anandamide, leading to an increase in endocannabinoid–receptor binding. CB1 and CB2 are present mostly in the central nervous and peripheric nervous system, respectively.
Also, cannabinoids and endocannabinoids are involved in brain-derived neurotrophic factor release (e.g., neurogenesis and neuronal plasticity), glucocorticoids release (e.g., mood control by suppressing depression and anxiety), dopamine release (leading to rewarding), and fatty acid amide hydrolase release (e.g., analgesic effects). All these responses overlap with the positive benefits of exercise (Tantimonaco et al., 2014). These effects are provoked by stimuli of TRPV1 ions canals (Vanilloid receptors) leading to antinociceptive effects, stimuli of CB1 and CB2 receptors causing relaxing effects via neurodepression and inhibition of cytokines release, respectively, and activation of 5HT1A receptors promoting serotonin caption in the postsynaptic neuron causing mood state regulation.
Inflammation and Proliferation
Inflammation and oxidative stress underlie many human chronic and acute health conditions and pathologies. In this sense, and considering that exercise-related damage and fatigue mediate inflammation, proliferation, and oxidative stress in most cases, it is hypothesized that CBD-related inhibitions in oxidative stress and neuroinflammation could have some therapeutic potential in sports research (Gamelin et al., 2020). This statement is based on evidence suggesting that CBD could induce changes in cortisol release, regulating inflammatory response to injury (Zuardi A. et al., 1993; Yeager et al., 2010). This mediation is due to the interaction between CBD CB1, and CB2 cannabinoids and adenosine receptors, leading to reduced cytokine levels and downregulating overreactive immune cells (Booz, 2011; Hill et al., 2012; Burstein, 2015). Also, CBD intake seems to mediate processes associated with gastrointestinal damage protection, due to inflammation, and promote healing of skeletal injuries (McCartney et al., 2020).
During exercise, mainly those actions with a high component of eccentric contraction are potentially and particularly damaging to the sarcolemma. This damage is fetterless in response to a disruption of the permeability of muscle cell membrane and basal lamina, allowing Ca 2 + to reduce fiber electrochemical gradient. If the damage in the sarcolemma is relatively low, ATPase pumps attract Ca 2+ and the damage is still reversible. Besides, if there is a Ca 2+ overload, a degradation of the structural and contractile proteins could be provoked. The subsequent event is called the inflammatory cascade, recognized by the activation of macrophages and other phagocytic cells during the first 2–6 h after injury and prolonged for days (Armstrong et al., 1991; Burstein, 2015).
Additionally, CBD (300 mg) has been shown to induce changes in glucocorticoids as cortisol in humans (Zuardi A. W. et al., 1993), one of the primary homeostatic regulators of the inflammatory response to injury (Yeager et al., 2010). This is supported by a recent narrative review in sports, suggesting the potential anti-inflammatory effect in humans and the possible role in the performance of the athletes (McCartney et al., 2020). This affirmation is theoretically based on the suggested CBD capacity to interact with receptors involved in controlling inflammation as CB1 cannabinoid, CB2 cannabinoid, adenosine A2A, and also in reducing the levels of some cytokines, such as interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), and downregulating overreactive immune cells reducing the impact of collateral inflammatory damage of tissues (Booz, 2011; Hill et al., 2012; Burstein, 2015). There is also evidence suggesting the CBD potential to promote the release of arachidonic acid, leading to greater healing capacity as a result of core regulation of growth signals mediated by proresolving substances, such as lipoxin A4 and 15d-PGJ2 (Burstein, 2015).
It is also known that the interplay between inflammation and oxidative stress underlies many human diseases due to tissue and organ damage. In this regard, in sports, it is hypothesized that CBD-related inhibitions in oxidative stress and neuroinflammation could have some therapeutic potential in sports research (Gamelin et al., 2020).
Pain and Soreness
Cannabidiol has been commonly used for its analgesic properties (Kogan and Mechoulam, 2007) in a variety of pain disorders (Starowicz and Finn, 2017). CBD consumption could exhibit a beneficial effect over edema and hyperalgesia (Burstein, 2015; Hill et al., 2017), acting directly on the central nervous system and leading to sedative effects (Zuardi A. W. et al., 1993). The idea of considering CBD as an antinociceptive agent is based on the efficiency of treating the pain associated with proinflammatory cytokine release due to the activation of Vanilloid receptors, provoking antinociceptive effects and reducing the perception of pain (Booz, 2011). CBD could inhibit presynaptic neurotransmitters and neuropeptide release, modulate postsynaptic neuronal excitability, activate the descending inhibitory pain pathway, and reduce neuroinflammatory signaling (Starowicz and Finn, 2017).
Cannabidiol (300–400 mg) intake seems to have sedative effects on humans apparently acting directly on the central nervous system (Zuardi A. W. et al., 1993), supported by the idea that CBD exhibited a beneficial action over edema and hyperalgesia (Burstein, 2015; Hill et al., 2017). In this regard, drugs and substances such as Sativex, THC, and CBD are approved for the treatment of both central and peripheral neuropathic pain. This pain syndrome is associated with microglia activation and subsequent cascade of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF (Booz, 2011). This evidence supports the idea of CBD use as an antinociceptive agent. Together with a neuroprotective quality, this effect was also found in a recent systematic review on the outcome of CBD intake in relation to its potential use as a sport-enhancing performance substance (McCartney et al., 2020). It still is unclear how CBD acts in relation to the pain cascade and pathways (Anthony et al., 2020). CBD has shown its potential to treat and manage pain in diseases and pain disorders, and based on this evidence CBD seems to have a potential effect on treating swelling and preventing soreness after strenuous exercise, but more evidence is required to make a clear statement.
Overreaching and overtraining are often presented in athletes due to high training loads accompanied by subsequent insufficient recovery between efforts (Fox et al., 2020). These abovementioned states are usually accompanied by sleep disorders and higher sleep disturbance, leading to poor sleep quality (Hainline et al., 2017). CBD consumption could stimulate the endocannabinoid system modulating sleep disorders and the sleep–wake cycle (Murillo-Rodríguez et al., 2020). Promising, but no specific, evidence suggests using cannabinoids like CBD to reduce sleep disorders in athletes or even in healthy or pathologic humans. Endocannabinoid system receptors as anandamide and type-1 are associated with sleep-promoting effects, but the physiological mechanism is not fully understood and is based mainly on preclinical studies (Suraev et al., 2020).
Cognition and Mood
Evidence has shown that acute and single administration of CBD could have anxiolytic (Zuardi A. et al., 1993) and antidepressive effects through the activation of 5-HT1A receptors (Booz, 2011). Although the reported results are promising for sports recovery, evidence suggests no long-term impact on cognition or mood state due to prolonged use of CBD (Allendorfer et al., 2019; Martin et al., 2019). Also, the link between CBD consumption and the possible effect on exercise-related recovery is primarily clinical and preclinical studies, mostly in participants with background pathology (McCartney et al., 2020). In this sense, more in-depth analysis is needed in the population of athletes to reach a conclusive statement.
Future Research and Limitations
As interest in the use of CBD in athlete recovery continues to grow, more research is required to better understand the physiological mechanism. The potential benefits, efficacy, and purported safety profile when consuming CBD prior to, during, and after training or competition should be explored. Future research in the field of sports science and medicine must focus on understanding the role of CBD in physiological mechanisms such as inflammatory cascade, neuroprotection, analgesic and anxiolytic pathways, muscle enhancement, and neuromechanical function.
New randomized placebo-controlled studies should consider the different etiologies of fatigue and damage, individualities and disciplines, and special needs and characteristics. Other potential research areas are, but are not limited to, optimal dosing depending on physical and physiological load; effectiveness regarding administration timing; chronic and acute effects; cumulative responses with other recovery strategies; differences in tolerance and effectiveness by sex, professional level, and fitness level; and other individual conditions and situational factors. Besides, more information is needed around the understanding of CBD inflammatory signaling as an essential factor in the recovery process. The effectiveness of CBD vs. conventional medications should be assessed.
This narrative review must be analyzed in light of some limitations. Though the main evidence about the use of CBD in sports was reviewed, this systematic review lacks explicit criteria for article selection and inclusion. In this sense, a systematic review could strengthen the actual conclusions and better present the preclinical and clinical evidence supporting the use of CBD in sports recovery. In this sense, a systematic review could better present settings of tests, study designs, demographics of participants, and main conclusions of the recent evidence.
Evidence supporting the potential use of CBD as an ergogenic aid to improve the efficacy and efficiency of recovery processes during exercise and sport-related fatigue seems promising. Still, there is not enough information to be conclusive. CBD appears to have some properties that could boost exercise recovery as an anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, analgesic, anxiolytic, and pain reliever. Still, due to the lack of studies in elite athletes, there is a need for a better understanding of the effects of CBD as a physiological, physical, and cognitive recovery agent.
More evidence and higher-quality studies are required in populations related to sports science and exercise medicine to be able to give recommendations regarding the dose and frequency of consumption as well as the specific prescribing of CBD according to the intensity and duration of the effort, as well as the role of essential characteristics such as body composition, general health, and other situational factors in its effect. Also, considering the lack of regulations in CBD production and indiscriminate consumption, athletes must be cautioned due to the high risk of testing positive in the doping tests.
Cannabidiol seems to have anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, analgesic, anxiolytic, and pain-relieving properties which can be potential mediators of recovery in athletes during regular training and competition. To confirm these effects, more scientific evidence in specific sport-related populations is necessary. There is a need for confirmatory analyses using randomized, placebo-controlled trials testing acute, and chronic effects of different dosing prescriptions. This study must consider some fundamental particularities of sports as a great variety of biological and situational conditions that promote fatigue, the characteristics of each discipline during training and competition, as well as the individual peculiarities of athletes, their tolerance and response to CBD intake, and the combined effect of CBD administration with other physical and nutritional aids.
Since training and competition leads to a structural and functional imbalance due to strenuous effort, CBD intake could potentially promote restoration of physical performance. The CBD physiological mechanisms of action, mixed with other recovery protocols, could help to reduce the accumulated fatigue evident over a tournament of consecutive efforts. The above may depend on pointing to multiple mechanisms to provoke global functional recovery in sports. Much evidence is needed to support this conclusion, but the proposed evidence looks promising.
Considering the relatively common use of both cannabis and CBD alone among athletes, there is a clear need to improve scientific understanding of the effects of CBD use on the fatigue, damage-related recovery, and performance of athletes. Greater scientific progress is needed, mostly on the execution of experimental trials, allowing a greater understanding of both critical positive and negative outcomes for the final benefit of the athletes in exercise-related recovery and performance. Also, the evidence resulted could give new clinical guidance to prescribe CBD during the recovery process of an athlete and other possible applications. The potential therapeutic benefits of CBD administration have been downplayed for years but, the actual scenario could facilitate the boost of the knowledge around this natural compound and its effects. Besides, from an administrative point of view, clearer and overarching policy for the use of cannabis in sports need to be considered and adopted.
Finally, athletes have to create an optimal internal environment to increase the function of endocannabinoids. In this sense, besides regular exercise, athletes must control weight, manage stress and competition-related anxiety, and minimize environmental exposure to contaminants and other toxic substances. These cannabimimetic practices would create the ideal environment for improving the endocannabinoid action in recovery.
DR-V carried out the original idea conceptualization, literature search and systematization, writing the original draft, critically revising the manuscript, funding, and approving the final manuscript.
Conflict of Interest
The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
CBD For Recovery and Relief
Cannabidiol (CBD) products are growing in popularity – and it’s easy to see why. CBD offers a variety of potential health benefits, from restoring calm and improving sleep to alleviating a range of symptoms associated with chronic conditions , such as pain relief and inflammation reduction.
Cannabis has been used as pain relief for centuries. In fact, chronic pain was one of the first indications to qualify for medical cannabis use. It’s no surprise, considering its impressive anti-inflammatory profile and that inflammation itself is the catalyst behind many painful conditions.
New, promising research is emerging surrounding the benefits of CBD oil for pain and inflammation specifically associated with muscle recovery following exercise. But before we dive deeper into the evidence regarding CBD for recovery, let’s take a look at what happens after you exercise.
Why Is Post-Workout Recovery So Painful?
Most of us are familiar with the aches associated with workout recovery and may have made peace with the phrase “no pain, no gain”. What you may not realise however, is that there is a medical name for this phenomenon- delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). For some of us, DOMS occurs when we exercise after a long period of time; but even seasoned athletes who perform extreme, regular exercise are prone to these unpleasant sensations. Anyone, regardless of fitness level, can experience DOMS and here’s why.
When we work our muscles more intensely, for a longer time or in a different way than they are used to, it is thought to cause microscopic damage to the proteins that make up the individual muscle fibres. The damage triggers inflammation of the affected muscle as the body works to repair it, resulting in the characteristic aches, stiffness and pain we feel after a workout. Since it takes some time for the inflammation to build up, the pain typically starts a day or two following exercise and lasts anywhere from three to five days.
While muscle soreness recovery is unpleasant, it is a normal part of the adaptive process that precedes improved strength and stamina. Over time, these muscles become stronger and more resistant to similar levels of physical exertion, resulting in less DOMS.
The problem arises when we don’t have the luxury of ‘waiting out’ the pain, delaying our next workout or, in the case of professional athletes, postponing a game. It can be difficult to move past the pain, and for some people, this can be a major hindrance to realising the full extent of their physical capabilities.
Although there are many home remedies and anti-inflammatory drugs that are useful for DOMS, CBD oils are gaining traction for their anti-inflammatory effects.
What Is CBD?
CBD is one of over 100 naturally occurring chemicals (called cannabinoids) derived from cannabis plants. Some reluctance surrounding the use of CBD products seems to stem from the confusion over legality or stigma associated with cannabis or ‘marijuana’.
Unlike other cannabinoids such as the well-known tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD is devoid of psychotropic effects or euphoric ‘highs’ but packs a punch in medicinal effects. While both cannabis and hemp plants can produce CBD, hemp-derived CBD naturally contains less than 0.3% THC (compared to up to 30% found in marijuana cannabis plants) making it legal in many countries. APOTHEM’s range of CBD products use the purest form of CBD isolate to ensure there is 0% THC.
CBD is similar to the endocannabinoids produced naturally by our bodies and can be utilised to enhance their soothing effects. As more people contemplate using CBD oil for inflammation associated with DOMS, it is important to consider both the anecdotal and scientific data.
CBD For Recovery
One such study is the RECHARGE CBD Cream Clinical Trial , which assessed 52 participants in a controlled clinical environment. Participants were asked to work out at least three times a week for 14 days and use a CBD cream afterwards. The results revealed that CBD was effective at relieving post-exercise joint stiffness and muscle tension in over 97% of participants. Another 2020 study showed that CBD use significantly reduced muscle aches and improved the rate of muscle recovery, compared to no intervention.
Such trials have laid the groundwork for further research into how CBD anti-inflammatory effects benefit regular gym-goers and athletes. Despite research into this specific area being in the preliminary stages, several professional athletes have come forward, advocating the benefits of this natural product for muscle recovery.
How Does CBD Oil Work?
The human body is composed of countless cells that need to work together. They achieve communication through the use of electrical impulses and chemical messengers, which transmit signals throughout the body. The process of inflammation is one such process that is dependent on chemical messengers travelling through the blood, alerting our immune system to react at the site of damage.
CBD targets a subsystem in the body called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is responsible for producing, receiving and translating endocannabinoids of its own. This complex system runs throughout the human body to regulate functions, including pain and inflammation, in order to maintain a healthy state of balance or homeostasis. (You can learn more about the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in our recent blog post).
Put simply, the way to reduce inflammation is by blocking the transmission of one or more of these chemical messengers, so that cells cannot communicate with each other. CBD does just that. It interacts with our body’s ECS, regulating a series of complex processes, resulting in an anti-inflammatory and analgesic (pain-relieving) effect.
The challenge is that there are different types of inflammation, for example, allergic reactions versus autoimmune versus injury, and many anti-inflammatory medicines will inhibit a select pathway. The benefit of CBD is that it is thought to regulate multiple pathways, hence interfering with the inflammatory process at various stages and making them effective for different types of inflammation. This allows CBD to affect a number of organs throughout the body, including the muscular system.
CBD is a worthwhile muscle recovery supplement, which works by regulating pain signals through the ECS. Here’s why many people choose CBD for recovery and relief:
- Relaxes muscles, which alleviates muscle tension and spasm
- Reduces mild inflammation, preventing damage to surrounding healthy muscle
- Supports sleep, which aids muscle fibre regeneration
- Helps prevent DOMS and associated pain
- Supports faster recovery between workouts or following injury
- Improves consistency with training routines due to reduced pain and downtime
How To Use CBD
In order to see tangible benefits, it is important to use the most effective CBD oil for your body and specific needs.
CBD is available in many different forms, including creams, gels, drops, vapours, edibles, and bath salts, amongst others. The choice is personal but for the purposes of post-workout recovery, topical CBD is great for providing targeted relief, as the effects are more concentrated on the inflamed local tissue.
Oral CBD oil drops will get to work directly on the ECS, providing relief for deep muscle tissues as well as additional systemic benefits, which include sleep quality. Combining oral CBD drops with a topical CBD recovery cream is an effective way to holistically support the body.
CBD comes in various strengths dependent on the route of administration. It also reacts differently in every person, making the dose requirements largely subjective. Depending on the severity of your pain or injury, as well as the location, you may need to adjust your dose in order to achieve the desired effect. Although dose requirements differ from person to person, it is generally recommended that you start low and titrate up until you find the right balance for your body and needs.
Combine CBD Products With Other Measures
It is important to bear in mind that CBD is not a magic pill and should be used in conjunction with other conservative measures to maximise its effects. Using CBD for recovery is intended to complement other pain-relief measures such as stretching, eating a balanced diet, rest, massage and ice packs.
It can be challenging to find the right CBD balance for your body at first, but remember to be consistent and patient. Follow a set routine and stick to it for a few weeks. Before you know it, you may have one less reason to skip the gym.
We recommend consulting your doctor if you’re unsure whether CBD is right for you and always if you’re taking any existing medications.
CBD Oil For Muscle Recovery
Have you ever been in the middle of a workout, run, swim, or hike and realized how badly your muscles were going to hurt the next day? Or maybe you were trying to demonstrate how to properly throw a baseball to your kid’s little league team, and you think, “man, I’m going to feel that tomorrow?”
Whether you’re an athlete in training, a gym rat, a homeowner doing yardwork, or just “not as young as you used to be,” muscle recovery doesn’t have to be quite as long or painful anymore. Rest assured, you are not alone in your quest to find something that works. Millions of people are searching for muscle recovery solutions every day.
Check out this 2018 review of 132 original studies that was published in Frontiers in Neurology. CBD is one of more than 100 chemical compounds found in cannabis plants. While being a close chemical cousin to THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, which is the chemical compound found in marijuana that causes a psychoactive effect, CBD doesn’t get you high.
Although CBD is just one atom arrangement away from becoming THC, what seems to be a microscopic difference is actually tremendous.
Is CBD Safe?
Always ensure that you are using a quality certified CBD provider, which means that they will provide a Certificate of Analysis (COA) from a third-party testing laboratory. This is important for obvious quality purposes, but also when tracking and setting your dosage schedules and amounts. With a certified provider, you don’t have to worry about your dose because the label said something different than what was in the bottle.
The exact dosage of CBD that someone needs varies from person to person. One rule of thumb is 1-6 milligrams of CBD for every 10 pounds of body weight. The exact amount moves within that range based on pain levels, which might vary pre-workout and post-workout. One method of determining your ideal dosage is to start with 5-10mg per day, gradually increasing by 5-10mg until you are satisfied with the results. As everyone is different in terms of workout, metabolism, body weight, diet and age, there are no exact specifications to determine your CBD dosage for you.
When starting out with CBD, keep in mind CBD affects everyone differently based upon a cross-section of factors. When you are preparing to take CBD before a workout for the first time, most professionals suggest starting with a smaller CBD serving and increasing accordingly.
CBD topicals are generally recommended to be applied as needed.
Is CBD Right For Me?
Just like you would with any other type of health-related issue, discuss CBD with your doctor first, particularly if you take other medications.
This use of CBD is possible because of the Farm Bill in 2018, which included the legalized growth, distribution, and sale of industrialized hemp. The Farm Bill allows hemp to be “cultivated for any use” — including the production and extraction of CBD.
The value of working out or even being active in your life far outweighs the negative effects of muscle soreness and pain. If you have questions or concerns about using CBD, sign up for our ebook for more info.