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An inexperienced breeder might cross a male and a female one time and sell the resulting seeds as a new hybrid strain, but professional breeders usually put their strains through several rounds of backcrossing to stabilize the genetics and ensure consistent plants that reflect those genetics.

The first couple months of the year is a great time to start planning your cannabis garden to get a head start on the outdoor growing season, which roughly runs from March to November, depending on where you live.

Seed banks exist outside of the US and can sell them for “souvenir purposes,” but it is illegal to bring seeds into the US and Customs will seize any cannabis seeds they find in packages or on a person.

What’s the difference between regular, feminized, and autoflower seeds?

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When growing regular seeds, some won’t germinate and some will have to be discarded because they’ll turn out to be males. With feminized seeds, some won’t germinate, but a higher percentage of them will turn into flowering plants because there won’t be any males.

Make sure to always stay within your state’s legal limit of growing plants.

Some strains are easier to grow than others because they are more resistant to mold and pests, so if you’re new to growing, you may want to try an easier strain to start.

However, a storm was brewing on the horizon. With the rise of drug prohibition in the 20th century, hash soon found itself on the run, a fugitive substance with a target on its back. With the 1961 UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, hash was criminalised globally, and the golden age of legal hashish came to a close.

Concentrates are one of the fastest-growing sectors of the cannabis industry. While cannabis flower is still the leading way to consume the plant, use of concentrates is growing at a faster rate. Sales of concentrates are expected to overcome flower sales by 2022.

At this point, you may have more questions than answers. What are the different kinds of concentrates? Can you make them at home? How are they consumed? We’ll address all these questions, but first, let’s take a look at the history of cannabis concentrates.

HISTORY OF CANNABIS CONCENTRATES

Hash came to Europe in the 18th century, with writers like Gmelin detailing its medicinal properties. The popularity of hash grew after the Napoleonic Wars when French troops were introduced to hash in Egypt. The intelligentsia of Paris soon founded the “Club des Hashischins”, a community built around its use. Its members included Victor Hugo, Charles Baudelaire, and Alexandre Dumas.

Extracts can also be categorised according to consistency. Wax refers to waxy, opaque extracts; sap refers to gooey, transparent extracts; shatter refers to extracts that are hard and transparent like glass; pull ‘n’ snap refers to extracts with a consistency like toffee; budder refers to extracts with an opaque, fluffy texture.

There are two ways to categorise extracts: according to solvent, and according to consistency. Some solvent-based categories include BHO, which uses butane as solvent, PHO, which uses propane as solvent, CO₂-based extractions, which use supercritical CO₂ as solvent, and alcohol-based extracts, which use alcohol.

Hash was forced underground, but it was not defeated. Morocco became the world’s leading exporter of hash, supplying the world with high-quantity, low-quality “soap bar” hash. Since the 1990s, Afghanistan has regained its foothold as leading hash exporter, and has reintroduced quality hash to the global market.

Once the cannabinoids and terpenes have been removed from the plant material, the resulting solution can take a variety of forms . These forms allow patients and consumers to pick and choose their preferred texture of the concentrate product; they aren’t necessarily an indicator of how the concentrate will taste or affect an individual but they do dictate the tools required to use them. Different textures are the result of deliberate steps taken before or after the initial extraction process which is referred to as “post-processing techniques.”

The oldest and arguably most prolific method of making concentrates is in the form of hashish, or hash . The exact origin of hashish is difficult to pin down, but we can safely say that the oldest recorded method of making concentrates , found in 8th and 6th century CE Assyrian texts, was hashish.

Concentrates can help increase the potency and improve the flavor of your flower. The next time you pack a bowl with cannabis flower, try sprinkling kief on top or add drops of concentrate oil to cannabis flower before rolling your joint. Adding powdered kief to your bowl, or wrapping wax around a joint, are the most cost-effective methods for using cannabis concentrates. For experienced dry flower smokers who are new to concentrates, this may be the best method to start.

How to Consume

Pre-filled concentrate vape pens have arguably become the most popular form of vaping. A vape pen consists of a pre-filled cartridge that attaches to a battery. The cartridge contains a heating element that comes in contact with the battery and heats the concentrate when activated. This battery-and-cartridge combination is collectively referred to as a vape pen.

The key to proper concentrate storage is minimizing the outside elements — heat, humidity, and air — all of which will change the texture, potency and taste. Concentrates should be stored in a cool, dark place. Concentrate containers should always be as small as possible to minimize excess air. Short-term storage typically doesn’t require more than a room temperature setting. For long-term storage, make sure to use an airtight container, and consider storing in the refrigerator or freezer. Freezing concentrates has its risks. Most commonly, frozen concentrates, when not adequately sealed, may accumulate moisture and become harsh when dabbed. But with the proper container, you’ll be able to minimize the risk of moisture contamination.

You may have heard the terms concentrate and extract used interchangeably, but there is a subtle difference between the two. Extracts are a specific type of concentrate made using a solvent. All extracts are concentrates, but not all concentrates are extracts.

Present-day full spectrum extracts , sauce, distillate , and crystalline (also known as diamonds) have caught the attention of cannabis connoisseurs. Within the space of a few years, consumers have become more educated and more aware of the subtle differences in all concentrates.